Upper School (IGCSEs)

IGCSE History

Description

The International GCSE History syllabus examines major global issues of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, covering the history of particular regions in more depth. Historical knowledge and understanding together with the skills required for historical research are emphasised.

Cause and effect, continuity and change, similarity and difference and how to use and understand historical evidence as part of their studies are explored.

The subject is suited  to pupils already interested in the past. It provides a basis for further study at A Level, and also encourages lifelong interest in the subject.

Assessment

Teacher assessments are continuous during LIVE TAUGHT lessons, marking of coursework and assignments and summative tests.

Homework

Homework will be given at the end of each week, usually as the form of a short essay, research activity or source analysis.

Reporting

Parents have 24 /7 access to all of their children’s coursework. Additionally the school holds 3 parent consultations per year – one each term.

Core Content: Option B

The 20th century: International Relations since 1919

1  Were the peace treaties of 1919–23 fair?

2  To what extent was the League of Nations a success?

3  Why had international peace collapsed by 1939?

4  Who was to blame for the Cold War?

5  How effectively did the USA contain the spread of Communism?

6  How secure was the USSR’s control over Eastern Europe, 1948–c.1989?

7  Why did events in the Gulf matter, c.1970–2000?

1 Were the peace treaties of 1919–23 fair?

Focus Points:

What were the motives and aims of the Big Three at Versailles?

Why did all the victors not get everything they wanted?

What was the impact of the peace treaty on Germany up to 1923?

Could the treaties be justified at the time?

Specified Content:

• The peace treaties of 1919–23:

–  the roles of individuals such as Wilson, Clemenceau and Lloyd George in the peacemaking process

–  the impact of the treaties on the defeated countries

–  contemporary opinions about the treaties.

2 To what extent was the League of Nations a success?

Focus Points:

How successful was the League in the 1920s?

How far did weaknesses in the League’s organisation make failure inevitable?

How far did the Depression make the work of the League more difficult?

How successful was the League in the 1930s?

Specified Content:

• The League of Nations:

–  strengths and weaknesses in its structure and organisation: work of the League’s agencies/humanitarian work

–  successes and failures in peacekeeping during the 1920s

–  the impact of the World Depression on the work of the League after 1929

–  the failures of the League in the 1930s, including Manchuria and Abyssinia.

3 Why had international peace collapsed by 1939?

Focus Points:

What were the long-term consequences of the peace treaties of 1919–23?

What were the consequences of the failures of the League in the 1930s?

How far was Hitler’s foreign policy to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939?

Was the policy of appeasement justified?

How important was the Nazi–Soviet Pact?

Why did Britain and France declare war on Germany in September 1939?

Specified Content:

The collapse of international order in the 1930s

The increasing militarism of Germany, Italy and Japan

Hitler’s foreign policy to 1939:

–  the Saar

–  remilitarisation of the Rhineland

–  involvement in the Spanish Civil War

–  Anschluss with Austria

–  appeasement

–  crises over Czechoslovakia and Poland

–  the outbreak of war.

4 Who was to blame for the Cold War?

Focus Points:

Why did the USA–USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945?

How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948?

How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism?

What were the consequences of the Berlin Blockade?

Who was the more to blame for starting the Cold War: the USA or the USSR?

Specified Content:

• The origins of the Cold War:

–  the 1945 summit conferences and the breakdown of the USA–USSR alliance in 1945–46

–  Soviet expansion into Eastern Europe to 1948, and American reactions to it

–  the occupation of Germany and the Berlin Blockade

–  NATO and the Warsaw Pact.

5 How effectively did the USA contain the spread of Communism?

Focus Points:

This Key Question will be explored through case studies of the following:

America and events in Korea, 1950–53

America and events in Cuba, 1959–62

American involvement in Vietnam.

Specified Content:

Events of the Cold War

Case studies of:

–  American reactions to the Cuban revolution, including the missile crisis and its aftermath

–  American involvement in the Vietnam War, e.g. reasons for involvement, tactics/strategy, reasons for withdrawal

–  American reactions to North Korea’s invasion of South Korea, involvement of the UN, course of the war to 1953.

6 How secure was the USSR’s control over Eastern Europe, 1948–c.1989?

Focus Points:

Why was there opposition to Soviet control in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968, and how did the USSR react to this opposition?

How similar were events in Hungary in 1956 and in Czechoslovakia in 1968?

Why was the Berlin Wall built in 1961?

What was the significance of ‘Solidarity’ in Poland for the decline of Soviet influence in Eastern Europe?

How far was Gorbachev personally responsible for the collapse of Soviet control over Eastern Europe?

Specified Content:

• Soviet power in Eastern Europe:

–  resistance to Soviet power in Hungary (1956) and Czechoslovakia (1968)

–  the Berlin Wall

–  ‘Solidarity’ in Poland

–  Gorbachev and the collapse of Soviet control over Eastern Europe.

7 Why did events in the Gulf matter, c.1970–2000?

Focus Points:

Why was Saddam Hussein able to come to power in Iraq?

What was the nature of Saddam Hussein’s rule in Iraq?

Why was there a revolution in Iran in 1979?

What were the causes and consequences of the Iran-Iraq War, 1980–88?

Why did the First Gulf War take place?

Specified Content:

The rise to power of Saddam Hussein in Iraq

The rule of Saddam Hussein up to 2000, and the consequences of his rule for different groups in Iraq

The nature of the Shah’s rule in Iran and the Iranian Revolution of 1979

The causes and consequences of the Iran-Iraq War, 1980–88; Western involvement in the war

The causes, course and consequences of the Gulf War, 1990–91.

Depth Study B: Germany, 1918–45

1 Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

Focus Points

How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of the First World War?

What was the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Republic?

To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923?

What were the achievements of the Weimar period?

2 Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?

Focus Points

What did the Nazi Party stand for in the 1920s?

Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930?

Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor by 1933?

How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933–34?

3 The Nazi regime

(a)  How effectively did the Nazis control Germany, 1933–45? Focus Points

How much opposition was there to the Nazi regime?

How effectively did the Nazis deal with their political opponents?

How did the Nazis use culture and the mass media to control the people?

Why did the Nazis persecute many groups in German society?

Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state?

(b)  What was it like to live in Nazi Germany? Focus Points

How did young people react to the Nazi regime?

How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family?

Did most people in Germany benefit from Nazi rule?

How did the coming of war change life in Nazi Germany?

Specified Content:

The Revolution of 1918 and the establishment of the Republic

The Versailles Settlement and German reactions to it

The Weimar Constitution, the main political divisions, the role of the army

Political disorder, 1919–23:

–  economic crises and hyper-inflation

–  the occupation of the Ruhr

The Stresemann era

Cultural achievements of the Weimar period

The early years of the Nazi Party:

–  Nazi ideas and methods

–  the Munich Putsch

–  the roles of Hitler and other Nazi leaders

The impact of the Depression on Germany:

–  political, economic and social crisis of 1930–33

–  reasons for the Nazis’ rise to power

–  Hitler takes power

–  the Reichstag Fire and the election of 1933

Nazi rule in Germany:

–  theEnablingAct

–  the Night of the Long Knives

–  the death of Hindenburg

–  the removal of opposition

–  methods of control and repression

–  use of culture and the mass media

Economic policy including re-armament

Different experiences of Nazi rule:

–  women and young people

–  anti-Semitism

–  persecution of minorities

–  opposition to Nazi rule

Impact of the Second World War on Germany:

–  the conversion to war economy

–  the Final Solution.

Parents are responsible for arranging their child’s examinations at their local registered examination centre. Cambridge Home School students study from every part of the globe and so it is not practical for the school to offer a single venue to sit examinations.. Consequently Cambridge Home School is not registered with Cambridge International Examinations but has partnerships with examination centres registered with Cambridge International Examinations, Edexcel, OCR, AQA and will support students in locating a suitable venue for sitting their written and practical examinations.

The Teacher

Mr. Alergant MA is a highly experienced teacher of History at Lower school, IGCSE and A Level. His knowledge and passion for history is always a source of excitement for his pupils. Mr. Alergant is a friendly and popular teacher who has a way of bringing historical events to life in an engaging and stimulating way. His lessons are always memorable and this helps to embed knowledge in the minds of his pupils.

mr alergant

How to apply

Our school is nearly always full, with very few school places!

Learn more